GUEST BLOG: Graham Cameron – Revenge of the Miffed: why Māori leaders are conspiring to end Native Affairs

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About sixteen years ago in Wellington my wife and I were breakfasting with my parents and their friends. They had come to visit us and shouted us breakfast at their hotel. We had an inadvisable breakfast conversation about politics, and my Dad laughingly declared that when we grew up, we’d vote National. We were in our early twenties and Greens voters, so that conversation went about as well as you imagine it did.

Knocking on 40, I’m still a Greens, and occasionally Mana, voter and you’d probably need to hold my family hostage before I’d vote for this iteration of National. Yet I recognise the kernel of truth in my Dad’s statement: as you get older, the pull of conservatism becomes exponentially stronger. There’s probably studies about the tendency but my layperson’s view is that having children, a marriage, a house and supporting kaupapa that rely on things being essentially the same for a long time means that I am drawn to stability and peace. Whereas I was once a proud supporter of the revolution, I suspect I am now a guilty reformer.

The journey from firebrand to conservative is well-trodden.You can probably think of any number of examples, but the controversy over Mihingarangi Forbes leaving Native Affairs has given me pause to think of the main players in Whānau Ora, Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust and the Māori Education Trust. The editorial interference of management into Native Affairs is linked to the power wielded by these Māori organisations and programmes and the level of discomfort they are feeling:

  • Dame Iritana Tāwhiwhirangi’s rage at Māori children’s educational and social failure in colonising Pākehā education institutions was a driving force for the development of an independent, kaupapa Māori education system in kōhanga reo. Now she’s a trustee buried in financial and governance scandal in Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust and, until recently, the Māori Education Trust.
  • Tina Olsen-Ratana was part of the founding of Kōkiri Marae in Seaview, Petone. Kōkiri Marae is an important urban marae that has seen generations of whānau and their children learn te reo Māori, learn about their culture and roots; it is one the best demonstrations of what is possible in an urban setting. Yet Tina is central to the scandal surrounding the kōhanga reo trustees and a vocal critic of Māori media.
  • Sir Pita Sharples was instrumental in building Hoani Waititi and founding the first kura kaupapa Māori. He has been a tireless advocate for kapa haka and development of what is now Te Matatini. He was front and centre at the Takutai Moana protests and the foundation of the Māori Party. Yet he sat the at table with John Key for many years maintaing it was better to be at the table than to exit on your principles and he also spoke out against holding Māori leadership publicly to account in kōhanga reo.
  • Dame Tariana Turia, when I started working in health, was a strong local advocate for whānau and for proper funding of Māori health providers. She was part of transforming the Māori health scene through her advocacy and vision. As a Labour politician, she left the party because of the Takutai Moana scandal, and with Pita developed the Māori Party. Yet she has been very uncomfortable about any criticism of Whānau Ora.
  • Te Ururoa Flavell, my MP and our current Minister of Māori Development, is an inspiring educator who spent many years as a teacher and school management and is a tireless advocate for te reo Māori. In addition, he is a responsive and interested local MP, no mean feat with ministerial responsibilities. Yet I am sad to say he seems to be a central figure in the interference by Paora Maxwell in Native Affairs because of potential criticism of Whānau Ora.

These people and the others on the above boards and trusts are role models in our Māori communities because they were change-makers for Māori communities. Yet somehow they got hooked into an unaccountable leadership class as they ascended a career ladder and are now complicit in defending power more often than defending what is right. Let me be clear, I do not believe they have all put active pressure of Māori Television and Māori journalists; but they have all been part of Māori organisations, projects or programmes who have struck out at the messenger to avoid accountability.

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The latest attack has again been on Native Affairs and its staff. In late May, Native Affairs had organised a debate with Members of Parliament from across the political spectrum about Whānau Ora (my guess is that this was to be run on 1 June, because that evening was a re-run of previous stories). This debate was to include, amongst others, Winston Peters who has been consistently critical of Whānau Ora and has gleefully questioned the Māori Party about it in Parliament on a number of occasions.

Te Ururoa met with Māori Television’s CEO Paora Maxwell prior to the debate. Around the time this meeting happened, Te Ururoa’s press secretary was also putting pressure on Native Affairs to drop Winston Peters from the line up.

After the meeting, the Whānau Ora debate was cancelled. Maramena Roderick has refuted that the debate was pulled because of this meeting, claiming it was more to do with ratings and timings around the Queen’s Birthday weekend. I have asked Te Ururoa directly on Twitter about all this but have yet to have a reply. I am not in any way suggesting the lack of reply is an admission of guilt (nor do I expect a reply); but I am suggesting that all of the above add up to something a little unpalatable. For at the same time that this was unfolding, another important investigative story at Native Affairs was being delayed; and delayed; and delayed.

Native Affairs has been in the crosshairs since it investigated fraudulent practices in the Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust and its offshoot Te Ōhanga Pātaka in 2013. The combined might of the Māori elite was brought to bear on Māori Television and Native Affairs: in came Paora Maxwell to neuter the beast; and out went Julian Wilcox for daring to challenge the establishment. But Native Affairs have continued to worry away at this bone, despite the implied threats, the appeasing words and offered distractions. Native Affairs have another Te Kōhanga Reo story, a continuation of their investigation; interviewing none other than Toni Waho, an ex-Te Kōhanga Reo National Trust trustee.

It seems that we are going to see this story next Monday 15 June on Native Affairs. But this story has been ready to go considerably longer than this week. The official word is that the legalities of the story have taken time to check; but apparently legal cleared this story before the last episode of Native Affairs and probably could have done it earlier if the Native Affairs team weren’t obviously having to bat against their own management. Editorial interference is clearly central to Mihingarangi Forbes leaving. She’s being followed by Semiramis Holland, another outstanding reporter who is now Whakatane’s gain and our loss.

It’s beginning to feel like some significant Māori leaders are not keen on being accountable. In addition to the Te Kōhanga Reo and the Whānau Ora stories, Native Affairs has also recently put the acid on the Māori Education Trust for their fundamental mismanagement of Ouruwhero and Mapuna Atea and Te Tumu Paeroa/Māori Trustee for their blinkered approach to buying the land blocks. Once again the response seems to be the same: deny, attack and undermine.

We cannot run Māori organisations well by placing mana and whanaungatanga above tika and pono. Accountability has to be part of our tikanga; not because it’s Crown funds, but because the results for our whānau are more important than people who have done great things in the past retaining their positions of privilege. A lot of boards, not just the three highlighted here, clearly need to be stripped of board members who are too comfortable and unquestioning. The current approach of stripping out Native Affairs so they stop asking pesky questions serves no-one except a small Māori elite.

I want kōhanga reo to prosper and grow.

I want scholarships for Māori students to go into tertiary education.

I want whānau to be in charge of their health outcomes.

I’m not willing to support poor governance, largesse, fraud or deception as the price for these outcomes.

 

Graham Bidois Cameron is of Ngāti Ranginui, Te Arawa and Ngāti Hinerangi descent. He has worked and volunteered in community development for 15 years, and lives in Tauranga Moana. He is completing his Masters of Theology with Otago University. 

6 COMMENTS

  1. Kia ora Graham.

    Thanks for your attention to this important issue. It feels as if I don’t want to agree with you, as these are Maori organisations, not the English ones that are really ripping the country to bits,but I guess I have to. Better to act before Maori organisations reach such low standards.

    Kia kaha.

  2. Whether it be mana or prestige , title or rank…..the nature of political pressures can subvert all but the most strident campaigners.

    Its a human weakness unfortunately.

    Particularly in social justice movements once finance becomes involved.

    An example of ….political expediency would be Winston Churchill…and although unrelated to the above in some aspects ,…can demonstrate how things change.

    The man was bullish , pugnacious , stubborn and cunning.

    And yet those oafish characteristics were precisely the qualities needed during the London blitz , D-Day operations, giving the public its fighting spirit…

    Yet after the war was he retained by the public in office?

    No.

    The public had grown war weary and understandably so. The war dept was disbanded , the armed services greatly reduced….and people looked to a better future….without war.

    And in politics…once involved in the actual established political process – rather than exclusively the activism and maintaining of the ideals of the social justice movement….

    It is at THAT point….that the activist becomes vulnerable to compromise and to having to curb some of the former extremes that initially drove that social movement.

    It is then that the political games often start to be played out …not because the activist has become a full blown sell out…but because that social justice movement can be stymied by petty factionalism , lobbyists and financiers who have the power to deny any further progress.

    Often – deal making and compromises of position start to take control of the decision making process…particularly in the areas of allocation of finances…and some of those practices may end up being less than transparent.

    And gradually ….the once ardent activist finds themselves caught up in a whirlwind of complexity and ‘favored ‘ clients…which tends to move them further and further away from the hands on reasons and ideals for being an activist in that movement in the first place.

    It is a common occurrence among many human institutions…a type of devolution and atrophy. And unless there is a constant revision for the very reason for that institution to exist in the first place…it is all too easy for a watered down conservatism to eventually creep in.

    That’s where we get the term ‘ has – been ‘ .

    Perhaps some of these groups and individuals have fallen prey to this process inadvertently over the years.

  3. It is seductively easy to go from being an advocate on behalf of Maori interests to a defender of the interests of individual Maori, especially those in power.

    Better never to look than to find misdeeds that will be seized upon by a crowing and critical media. Unfortunately those misdeeds look so much worse if covered up. The only defence is a determined fourth estate.

    We look forward to Ms Forbes establishing a renewed version of Native Affairs in her new role at RNZ, and we hope she will find more principled defenders there.

  4. Having been involved with kohanga and kura I was surprised by the attention directed at TKRNT, but these groups need to be accountable. Like anything there are fantastic kohanga and average kohanga and bad kohanga. I am not surprised by an investigation into Tony Waho. I’ll be interested to see what they dig up.

  5. Yep – Key’s henchman Weldon gets rid of Campbell Live. Maori Party influence as coalition partner gets rid of Mihingarangi Forbes.

    Fascist control of media a la Goebbels:

    Control of the mass media was at the heart of Goebbels plan as he developed the cult of personality around Hitler. The rallies and Hitler’s speeches were broadcast on radio, purchased very cheaply as they were produced by the state.

    http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/ks4/the-nazification-of-germany/impact-of-the-nazi-state/how-did-the-nazis-use-propaganda/#.VXqRCPmqo8k

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