MUST READ: Blame Games

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AND SO, at last, we understand what building your house on someone else’s home means. It means living on top of those who were here before you. It means doing everything within your power to prevent them from getting out from under your crushing weight – and standing upright. It means always having someone to blame.

It means packing your poorest, your most desperate citizens, into a handful of ramshackle South Auckland suburbs. Requiring them to send their kids to substandard schools. Providing them with hospitals that start falling apart even before they are finished. Denying them an effective system of public transport. Paying them the minimum wage. Crowding them into sub-standard accommodation. Policing them harshly. Imprisoning them in shamefully disproportionate numbers. Offering them little, if any, rehabilitation when they are in jail.

And now, as if all this beneficence wasn’t enough, it means expecting them to co-operate fully with the authorities in the fight against the Delta variant of Covid-19.

And amazingly (given their treatment) most of the Māori and Pasifika residents of South Auckland are doing exactly that – co-operating fully. In spite of being shut in behind a complex motorway system that might almost have been designed for the purpose of keeping South Auckland out of sight and out of mind. In spite of all the evidence indicating that when Covid arrives it heads straight for the poorest part of town. In spite of Māori and Pasifika community workers warning those charged with managing the Covid-19 pandemic that the official messaging was all wrong for their people. In spite of everything the Pakeha powers-that-be did, or, more accurately, failed to do, the Māori and Pasifika residents of South Auckland are getting tested – and vaccinated – in their tens-of-thousands.

And inevitably, it isn’t enough.

Maybe, if successive governments had spent the last thirty years building the sort of state housing that the soon-to-be-dismantled Housing Corporation was perfecting in the early 1980s, then the people of South Auckland would have been sheltered from the Coronavirus in decent, publicly-owned and properly maintained homes.

Maybe, if those same governments had worked co-operatively with South Auckland not-for-profits and cultural institutions to design and support a system of health delivery attuned to the needs and preferences of Māori and Pasifika families, then, when Covid-19 arrived, those same families would not have fallen prey to misinformers and conspiracy theorists.

Maybe, if both National and Labour had entertained the truly radical notion that entrusting local communities with the power and the resources to teach their children in a way that made them proud of their successes, rather than ashamed of their failures, then the talent and entrepreneurial spirit abounding in those same communities might have been invested in something more personally and socially rewarding than criminal gangs.

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But, because those past governments didn’t, our present government is continuing the practice of crowding individuals and families into motels and boarding-houses. It is difficult to imagine an environment better suited to the spread of a virus – especially one as infectious as the Delta variant of Covid-19. (Concentrating so many of the gangs’ actual and potential clients in these places must also be acknowledged as extremely helpful – although not to public health, or personal security.)

And all this must have been known. In the ministries of Social Development, Health, Education and Corrections. In the Police. Politicians must have known about it, too. How could they not? When, every day, the victims of their “Look markets – no hands!” policies were beating a desperate pathway to their electorate office doors? But knowing something, and doing something aren’t always the closest of neighbours. Often they’re as far apart as Devonport is from Otara, and Remuera from Otahuhu.

And, truth to tell, all of us living in the House of Middle-Class Pakeha know that our wealth and comfort comes with a hefty price-tag. It’s just that we’ve learnt how to defer calculating the cost by keeping the decaying communities of the poor, rank with the stench of deprivation and discarded dreams, as far away from our leafy suburbs as possible. Out of sight, out of mind, works every bit as well for the “boguns” and the “boofheads” of working-class New Zealand as it does for Māori and Pasifika communities – better, in a way, since working-class Pakeha lack the conscience-tugging combination of ethnicity and indigeneity.

But, guilty consciences are difficult to live with. Especially when it becomes clear that all the te Reo speaking and name-changing that guilt-ridden Pakeha can be bullied into accepting will not make one South Auckland family richer or better housed. Unfortunately, where consciences turn sour, prejudices tend to flourish. Once the idea takes root that leafy Auckland is being kept from its pleasures by homeless Māori and Pasifika, the demands will not be slow in coming for South Auckland to be locked-down, ring-fenced, and left to stew in its own Covid juices.

It is then we will discover just how securely the House of Pakeha has been built on the home of Māori. How willing tangata whenua truly are to go on carrying its weight – and accepting its blame.

 

81 COMMENTS

  1. Well, yes. The impact of the virus on the poor and homeless is unspeakably sad. And it is an indictment on the Ardern government that they have been indolent, callous and ruthless in not addressing homelessness. Previous governments have been just as bad, but they’re gone now, and it is the current effete lot who must be called to account- and not answer with waffle about Aotearoa and who we are – it’s what they are that matters.

        • It takes a long time to turn around a supertanker that’s been bred with the Titanic.
          5 years ago 300 people were found to be sleeping in cars in a park in South Auckland. This was the canary in the coal mine . Just the tip of the iceberg.

          The rest of the country was oblivious. Where were the investigative reporters like Gower et al back then. Giving Key a soft hand job under his desk while he talked about and spent money on all the ‘important issues’ like changing the flag. That’s where. Go back and have a look at the TV footage and reporting from back then.
          Paula Bennett, (the most vacuous of MPs), and Nick Smith’s answer was initially to deny there was a problem or housing crisis. Final with an election on the horizon they resorted to placing them in to motels or tried to bribe them with a couple of thousand dollars to leave Auckland altogether.
          What short memories people have.
          That said, once in power, the ‘crisis’ needed a crisis meeting and a crisis solution immediately, just like Covid .
          A suite of policies should have been brought in immediately to curtail any further rises in the market and prevent further ability by anybody, (in N.Z. or overseas), to game the system. The message needed to be made loud and clear to the banks , real estate agents and so called ‘investors’ that N.Z houses are no longer casino chips.
          Of course the speculative bubble would have immediately burst- too bad- and houses today would on average probably be selling for a little over half of what they are now.
          Worrying about people who have paid too much their houses if the mark drops is only going to exacerbate the problem . The banks and borrowers understand the risks they are taking. You live by the sword you die by the sword.
          In the end , everything gravitates to the mean. Reversion will happen sooner or later and artificially trying to prevent that from happening is a fools errand.

          • Grant, expect the wrath of The Kraut for raising anything to do with what Key did in the past, apparently it has no bearing on today. Although those 300 people found in cars at least have a solid structure over their heads by a caring government.

        • I am biased. Not because I’m infatuated with Jacinda or some bullshit, but because I forecasted the rise of Jacinda Bang on, 9 months before Jacinda became leader of Labour, th en compared most of the policies for that year and my gut said to me Winston would go left. I mean it was just so obvious for any who took even a cursory look. Not just that, I even said she’d win a Majority, months before corona hit, that was an infrastructure deficit thing. Not just that, I even laid out why National was done for all practical purposes for the next 5 elections the moment 10 bridges got rolled and that See-less would take over as care taker leader of the opposition. So when I say Jacinda is the only solution, I mean it. Its just so obvious.

          • Andrew Little polled at 5 – 6 % as preferred PM much as Judith today. anyone with a sense of ‘this can’t be worked’ could tell that Jacinda dear was their best hope as the men of Labour are useless. But she is showing herself to be no more then the men. Useless for the most part. And Labours complete abandon on the housing crisis, poverty of adults and their kids just to name two are not going to get any better until 2023. And fwiw, who else has labour to trott out when dear Jacinda is gonna take her ball and spend some time with family or is going to a think tank overseas. Not one person.

            • That’s an issue of 3yr terms. Obviously it doesn’t really matter if you are man or woman PM you just can’t change anything.

              • yes, and L is in its second term, and soon enough will want people to vote for them again, thus a third term. So what will l’s excuse be for not achieving anything? Also there are Men PM and then there are Quota Persons (some with vaginas, some with penises) PMs. Unless Labour and hte Greens define the word women to include people who were born with vaginas as women, women now means transwomen.

          • Yes name them.

            Ardern is the handwringer, the empathiser who has done bugger all frankly. Their entire focus is on the next election and getting back in whilst doing little except tinkering.

            Had they fronted up immediately and increased benefits (where let’s face it it would all have been spent and stimulated the economy) as requested by 60+ reputable organisations by the time the next election comes around the flow on from the increase would have been obvious, so fewer people could actually complain.

            There is always money for rugby and yachting races but apparently never enough to feed everyone despite this being a relatively wealthy country.

  2. Sadly the picture painted that South Auckland is solely populated by Maori and Pacifica is totally wrong. As is the notion it is downtrodden and hopeless. It is not.

    It is a vibrant and diverse (possibly the most diverse in New Zealand) community. Spirit is strong. many many examples of this, you will find them if you look. Unfortunately many don’t look. Just sneer.

    But as you say state help is not in existence for many. Hence the stronger community spirit.

    What South Auckland is fighting is the inconsistency in the lock down scenario. It is OK for a pink haired scientist to go to the beach, but heavens above when two Otahuhu lads front up to Mission Bay for a spot of fishing, they are targeted by Police.

    Oh, and by the way, many many “Pakeha” live and enjoy deepest darkest South Auckland.

  3. Will be interesting to see what our new tory friends infesting this blog lately will make of this column. Yes it is Roger Douglas’ legacy, and it also NZ National’s toxic adherence to neo liberalism from 1990. There is no way Nashnull gets off the hook on this one! The ghettoisation of South Auckland–where 80% plus properties in Otara are owned by people that do not live there–is the shame of this country along with segregated towns and suburbs all over–Whangarei–Otaika vs Maunu, Wellington–Porirua vs Oriental Bay etc etc.

    Don’t be too offended Chris, but this is one of your classic “one in ten” pieces–hard to fault. And what is to be done about it? COVID is so obviously not just the disease of the unvaccinated, it is plainly the disease of the working class, alienated poor.

    • Bio mass of planet earth: 97% human and their domesticated animals

      Natural world: 3%

      All the diseases in the natural world has no choice but to jump the species barrier.

      If we are serious about halting the spread of this or that pandemic, we will redraw the boundaries of the natural world to a minimum 51% of Planet Earth.

      • Recent figures indicate that there are more than 200 million insects for each human on the planet! A recent article in The New York Times claimed that the world holds 300 pounds of insects for every pound of humans.

        • Conclusion, Tho…, Is?

          Dave has a severe lack of understanding about geography and the natural world which according to our most esteemed professor Dave, the natural world is made up of, insects.

          Just because X number of insects is greater than y number of humans, does not mean that X number of insects live in the natural world and you forgot to add in domesticated animals, professor.

      • dunno about your figures Sam, but Climate Change is certainly help drive new viruses via extinctions, change of habitat, increases in certain populations (e.g. Bats) and more interaction with humans.

      • Interesting thought – but it assumes we, as a species, are apart from the ‘natural world’. As a species we could, maybe, liken ourselves to locusts, stripping everything in sight for our own idea of wellbeing. People speak of balance, it’s true. Your estimation of reducing human impact by 46% might help other species, but the politics leading to this are presently unknown. Still … it would probably be good to make better progress in that direction.

    • Tiger Mountain – re “Yes it is Roger Douglas’ legacy, and it also NZ National’s toxic adherence to neo liberalism from 1990”.

      I concur. I recall Ruth Richardson’s spiel about her “mother of all budgets” which trimmed beneficiary payments to provide an “incentive” to find a job, when unemployment was near 11%. Nowadays, neoliberalism is like a noxious weed. Difficult to eradicate. It infests the higher levels of NZ’s public service management and elsewhere. However, it was Bill English who gave beneficiaries a rise years later. Labour had not done anything.Tweedledee and Tweedledum!! The pollies were too busy as individuals raking in the dosh from the property market.

    • Labours legacy I believe you mean Tiger, Labour being the party that introduced neoliberal “reform” in NZ.
      Glad we cleared that up

  4. How very true. At last a realistic view of the tale of two cities. On the back of te wiki o te reo maori gaining a little extra sparkle via another website, come the stories of police intimidation and harassment of a community organiser in Manurewa and their glee at being able to confiscate some KFC. Meanwhile some thousands of richer Aucklanders drive out of town to their holiday homes in Northland, where many maori have been displaced because their homes were deemed to be below par and now crowded into cities.

  5. I think this is the best article I have ever read that Chris has written. As he points out it is frustrating that the anti-covid message does not appear to be adopted by all but given the way those groups have been treated it should not be a surprise.

  6. The reason the poor and brown skinned are concentrated into a few suburbs that the middle class Pakeha can safely ignore nor ever drive through is down to the Town Planning Act and its replacement the RMA. And the real estate industry.

    Everytime a nice personable home-owner starts talking about ‘heritage’, ‘neighbourhood character’ or design covenants, they really talking about keeping the poor, the benes and their gang member mates, the mentally ill, or the ex-con – anyone who would lower the neighbourhood’s tone – as far as possible away from their four bedroom little slice of paradise/main financial asset.

    • Of course, because “the benes and their gang member mates, the mentally ill, or the ex-con” are statistically going to be a higher safety risk to yourself & your family.

  7. Thank you Chris, stunningly well said. And the electorate’s response to this abhorrent situation is a rise in support for the the political right.

  8. Hey Chris
    Sadly, nobody will care for now. Better you just put out the call to get vaccinated – then we’ll sort out the rest. Because until we are all vaccinated, everything, including fixing any wrongs of the past, is frozen. If you really want to see a ‘blame game’, there’ll be test match soon: Vaccinated vs Unvaccinated. Kick-off will be before the start of summer. And you know who will champion the Vaccinated Team and doing the fingerpointing? Captain Jacinda.

  9. Was reading the kiwi blog the other day and they’re simply not interested resisting this or that crises because they are controlled by market forces and there’s simply no profit in it because profit is all about short term gain.

    John key was somewhat correct. The government could have stepped in and “produced its own vaccine much earlier but pharmaceuticals just wasn’t interested because there would have been less profit in it, but the government isn’t allowed to step in because of rogernomics and ruthinasia, dogma that this blog broadly outlines.

    To those that follow the deities of business, the government is the problem but of course the government is the solution when corporates and the wealthy are in desperate need.

    But when the fate of the entire population is of concern, the government is the problem, not the solution.

  10. Such a brilliant writer when the focus turns to the raw politics and economics of poverty. Clearly articulating that poverty is not racial but class based – something that is too often overlooked.
    NZ’s working and under class are not politically conscious, do not vote (in effective numbers) and have no democratic representation on their behalf. The brief appearance of the Mana Party and the Greens leftward drift were quickly cut off at the knees when they emerged. Those of us in the leafy middle class suburbs who do support the redistributive policies needed – more and higher taxes, better funded and expanded public services and welfare – are for the most part a silent minority.

    • It’s a rediculous Proposition expecting the poor and underclass with limited wealth to construct their own own corona responses. It’s tolerated politely but the police have been given permission to go full merica on everyone. But you won’t see cop go full merica for someone riving in agony, about to get stabbed, rapped, or to prevent having your car stolen, unless of course if they are, brown. At that point, when brown people are the victim, it will be politely tolerated.

    • NZ’s working and under class are not politically conscious, do not vote (in effective numbers) and have no democratic representation on their behalf. The brief appearance of the Mana Party and the Greens leftward drift were quickly cut off at the knees when they emerged.

      So very true. I need next time to look more carefully at the Maori party policies and see what they have around poverty specifically. Too many people in the Green Party still see the party as simply an environmental party without the social justice arm. They cannot see that these go together.

      When I think what the Labour party stood for I see it as pretty sad, middle class elites these days.

  11. What do you expect when the people (Maori) that are consulted to find solutions are a world away from the people they are being consulted about. Most of the current “go too’s” have been removed from the problems for generations.
    Every single advert around covid and vaccinations are directed at Maori and every single time they have “so called” consultants having their “ticket clipped” but somehow the message doesn’t get through and apparently thats racist? .. Hell i’m willing to bet i get labeled racist for suggesting that the problem for Maori getting the message is the fault of elitist Maori who are suppose to know how.. but don’t, and only care that their gravy train continues.

    • That maybe true for a tiny fraction of Maori elites but Maori in general could hardly be considered as some one who only cares about some sort of gravy train.

      Every western government has failed. Kim is apart of this narrative to provide Maori with “solutions” to this problem.

      There are things that Kim does not want Maori to know and you fall for the narrative and do everything that Kim wants you (Maori) to do.

      The vast, vast people of new Zealand have zero experience running a country and Kim is manipulating Maori when she is exactly the same as Maori.

      They’re essentially sales people who want Maori to build a non-maori New Zealand and hand over as much control of land, wealth and resources, as frequently as possible.

      The 1+1+1 phenomenon: The Kims of New Zealand want one hundred percent of all Maori to lose one hundred percent of their salarys with in one week.

      It’s the total opposite of how we should resist corona. Look at the nation’s who have done well out of corona as measured by GDP increases and try to emulate them muh Maari’s.

      Learn from The Daily Blog and you Maari’s won’t have to take unnecessary risk.

    • I agree with you Kim, the Maori elite has an agenda and I dont think it has a lot to do with practically meeting the needs of poor Maori. They and all the politicians and those in the NZ middle who knowingly but quietly made money at the expense of the poor, all have a lot to answer for. Its about time we stopped all the name calling, power mongering and politicking and got on with the business of meeting peoples needs.

      As an aside, this blog has lately been attracting a number of people who think that only their opinion is valid. Politeness has left the building, I am reading the blog less and less as all the in fighting becomes depressing. Try Gordon Campbell on Scoop, he writes some good centre left longer form journalism without all the drama and he has an eclectic mix of music on offer as well.

      • IV always wanted to be an elite, but elites have become a dirty word. It’s very difficult for a non industrialised people to make the switch from urban Maari to rural ones. It’s absolutely delusional to judge Maari elites by urban standards.

  12. Chris writes his first few paragraphs seemingly accusing consecutive governments of deliberately parking the Maori and Pacifica people in south Auckland. I agree that selling off state housing and letting south Auckland develop randomly has been seen to be a failure and neglectful. Yes the wealthy wouldn’t choose to live there but I can’t see how they caused the problem either. If my memory is correct south Auckland developed because it was a cheaper area to live for the working class, mainly Maori. It really started growing when other Pacifica people came here in droves for a better life. No one forced them to live there they just couldn’t afford to live anywhere else. Certainly not in central Auckland. I’m not saying it’s worked out well but every city in the world has its working class suburbs and Auckland is no different. Where I agree with Chris is the neglect in planning and public transportation has been scandalous. Once again I don’t believe there’s anything deliberate about any of it. I believe governments and councils are inept. They haven’t been able to work together in any cohesive way in my memory. Not just in Auckland but anywhere. The latest example is the growing debacle with “ three waters “. I completely agree with Chris that ring fencing Parnell because of an outbreak of Covid and ring fencing south Auckland would have completely different results for the people in those places. With south Aucklanders suffering much more through lack of work and poor transport options. If that happened the Government would have to open the purse strings a lot more to save a catastrophe in those communities. Chris’s notion that if Covid breaks out in south Auckland the rest of wealthy Auckland would want to lock them down as some sort of punishment because they threaten their opulent lifestyles I think is rubbish. The reason for any lockdown anywhere is obvious and that will be no different for south Auckland. Will it be really hard on the people there, yes.

    • South Auckland used to be out in the boondocks. My memory has it that the older poorer areas of the city were places like Eden Terrace, Kingsland and Freemans Bay. Houses jammed together. Post WW2 State Housing developed in places south like Otara. They became working class areas. The lower socio-economic population was often Maori and Polynesian.

      Mm (below) says we should “blame the root cause.” Maybe we should look at what the root causes are and how we grew them. We, by our priorities, have evolved the situation. We shat in our own nest and we’re pissed off with the results and try to find someone to blame.

      • and our elected government helped us shit the bed over and over again, and often times even compelled us to shit the bed with tax incentives, scaremongering and 0% bank loans for those that have assets.

      • Unfortunately just a few of us are pissed off with the results. How far back are we prepared to go to look at root causes. As far back as Maori being forced out of their rural communal culture into the towns and cities thus losing connection and support of hapu?

  13. WHEN ARE WE GOING TO STOP BLAMING THE POWERS THAT BE ON MAORI AND PASIFIKA PLIGHT IN SOUTH AUCKLAND. And blame the root cause, they have families that are too large that they don’t have a hope in hell of looking after properly. And by that, I mean giving their children proper shelter, medical aid and a proper education.

    Like most things it all begins at home and no matter how much money is thrown at them, there will always be a problem.

    • Mn
      OMG now you are in big trouble. Nobody wants to hear the truth – which you told so beautifully! Mind you, you left out one important part, but fear not, Bert and his friends will bring it up soon…It was all caused by the 9 years under National and John Key. He caused them to have too many children. Even before he came onto the scene. Still his fault. Of course. What else.

  14. Surprise!, surprise!. A virus left circulating, goes viral.

    Who would have guessed it?

    The government is flat out blamestorming others for their failure to hold the line against the virus, pointing to gangs and rule breakers.

    This blame storming doesn’t explain why the virus was being successfully eliminated and declining under Level 4

    If it wasn’t for the greed of the death cult capitalists, we would have a rent and mortage moratorium right now, even under Level 3, and the people at the bottom of society would have less incentive to break the rules.

    Down with the death cult capitalists! Bring back full L4 Lockdown! with a full Mortgage and Rent Moratorium for the duration of the lockdown! Let’s eliminate the Virus and again be the envy of the world!*
    We did it once, we can do it again.

    *(instead of just another sad failed basket case)

    …..by 1931, it was clear that further intervention was necessary to prevent widespread foreclosures and mortgagee sales…..

    ….Although mortgage relief was frequently discussed at some length by
    contemporary commentators, and by some historians in the 1950s and
    1960s, it has been relegated to a few lines at most in more recent works.’

    …..This Act also extended to lessees [renters] the same protection
    that had been granted to mortgagors,

    The modification of mortgage conditions was not new in New Zealand. A ‘mortgage moratorium’ had been imposed as a war measure in 1914,

    http://www.nzjh.auckland.ac.nz/docs/1987/NZJH_21_2_03.pdf

    • It’s definitely worth considering. And the banks have plenty of buffering capacity.
      Would just like to mention that the strategy called Elimination means stopping community spread, not eliminating the virus which is, of course, impossible. It doesn’t stop critics of the strategy poo-pooing it by stating the obvious as impossible. I believe this is called a Straw Man and is an insult to the intelligence.

  15. Thanks Chris for this blog. The challenge is enormous. The virus has starkly exposed the reality that no one is safe not even the wealthy in such an unequal world. It will require real leadership to come through this lockdown- if and when we do- with resolve to correct the huge imbalances that threaten us all

  16. Surprise!, surprise!. A virus left circulating, goes viral.

    Who would have guessed it?

    The government is flat out blamestorming others, for their failure to hold the line against the virus, pointing to gangs and rule breakers as the cause for the virus spreading out of control.

    This blame storming doesn’t explain why the virus was being successfully eliminated and declining under Level 4

    If it wasn’t for the greed of the death cult capitalists, we would have a rent and mortage moratorium right now, even under Level 3, and the people at the bottom of society would have less incentive to break the rules.

    Down with the death cult capitalists! Bring back full L4 Lockdown! with a full Mortgage and Rent Moratorium for the duration of the lockdown! Let’s eliminate the Virus and again be the envy of the world!*
    We did it once, we can do it again.

    *(instead of just another sad failed basket case)

    …..by 1931, it was clear that further intervention was necessary to prevent widespread foreclosures and mortgagee sales…..

    ….Although mortgage relief was frequently discussed at some length by
    contemporary commentators, and by some historians in the 1950s and
    1960s, it has been relegated to a few lines at most in more recent works.’

    …..This Act also extended to lessees [renters] the same protection
    that had been granted to mortgagors,

    The modification of mortgage conditions was not new in New Zealand. A ‘mortgage moratorium’ had been imposed as a war measure in 1914,

    http://www.nzjh.auckland.ac.nz/docs/1987/NZJH_21_2_03.pdf

  17. What a bloody shame there are no educational facilities in Sth Auckland for the unfortunates to avail themselves of …

    Oh wait, perhaps they need to stay there rather than hand out at the mall or on the copuch.

  18. The cause of the uptick in covid infections and spread, can not be sheeted to, the depised Gangs, or those other New Zealanders on the bottom rungs of sociey, crowded into emergency housing, or rough sleepers.

    But it was always these groups would be the worst impacted if the virus got loose.

    The cause of the uptick in covid infections and spread, can be sheeted firstly to the government who caved into to political pressure from the business and financial sectors. These venal mercantile plutocrats, will be congratulating each other, at their continued proven ability to bend governments to their will, even in the face of a pandemic.

  19. The government refused to give suffering Aucklanders rent or mortgage relief and instead lifted the lockdown While the virus was still circulating in the community.

    Who’s to blame for the uptick in in covid infections. The gangs? The homeless? Those in emergency housing? The government? The financiers?

    David Attenborough gives us a clue;

    If you collect 100 black ants and 100 red ants and put them in a jar, nothing will happen. But if you shake the jar violently and leave it on the table, the ants will start killing each other.
    Reds will believe black is the enemy, while blacks will believe red is the enemy when the real enemy is the person who shook the jar.
    The same is true in our society. Before we fight each other, we must ask ourselves:
    Who shook the jar?

    David Attenborough

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